logo


Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae)
Research Literature Bibliography:

The base list was assembled by Trish and Wally Franklin from published papers and various other sources for the Queensland Environment Protection Agency for use in the report on the ANZECC Humpback Whale, Research and Conservation Seminar held in Brisbane in December 1998. Items that were included in the ANZECC Report are given whole numbers, subsequent additions to the list will be given decimal points in alphabetical order. Suggested additions or amendments most welcome.


0. Mathews, L. H. (1937) The Humpback Whale, Megaptera nodosa 'discovery' Rep.17: 7-92.

0.1 Aguilar, A. 1989. A record of two humpback whales. Megaptera novaeangliae, in the western Mediterranean Sea. Mar. Mammal Sci. 5: 306-309.

1. Allen, J. M., Rosenbaum, H. C., Katona, S. K., Clapham, P. J., and Mattila, D. K. (1994). Regional and sex difference in fluke pigmentation of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) from the North Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 72, pp 274-279.

1.1 Baird, R.W., A.D. Ligon and S.K. Hooker. (2000(. Sub-surface and night-time behavior of humpback whales off Maui, Hawaii: a preliminary report. Report prepared under Contract # 40ABNC050729 from the Hawaiian Islands Humpback Whale National Marine Sanctuary, Kihei, HI, to the Hawaii Wildlife Fund, Paia, HI. PDF Link

2. Baker, C. S., Florez-Gonzalez, L., Abernethy, B., Rosenbaum, H. C., Slade, R. W., Capella, J., and Bannister, J. L. (1998). Mitochondrial DNA variation and maternal gene flow among humpback whales of the southern hemisphere. Marine Mammal Science (in press).

3. Baker, C. S. and Herman, L. M. (1984). Aggressive behaviour between humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) wintering in Hawaiian waters. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62, pp 1922-1937.

4. Baker, C. S. and Herman, L. M. (1981). Migration and local movement of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) through Hawaiian waters. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 59, pp 460-469.

5. Baker, C. S., Herman, L. M., Bays, B. G., and Bauer, G. B. (1983). The impact of vessel traffic on the behaviour of humpback whales in southeast Alaska: 1982 season. National Marine Mammal Laboratory, Seattle.

6. Baker, C. S., Herman, L. M., Perry, A., Lawton, W. S., Straley, J. M., and Straley, J. H. (1985). Population characteristics and migration of summer and late-season humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in southeastern Alaska. Journal of Marine Mammal Science, 1, pp 304-323.

7. Baker, C. S., Herman, L. M., Perry, A., Lawton, W. S., Straley, J. M., Wolman, A. A., Kaufman, G. D., Winn, H. E., Hall, J. D., Reinke, J. M., and Ostman, J. (1986). Migratory movement and population structure of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the central and eastern Pacific. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 31, pp 105-119.

7.1 Baker, C. S., L. Flórez-González, B. Abernethy, H. C. Rosenbaum, R. W. Slade, J. Capella, and J. L. Bannister. (1998) Mitochondrial DNA variation and maternal gene flow among humpback whales of the Southern Hemisphere. Marine Mammal Science, 14(4):721-737. (October 1998) dot

7.2 Baker, C. S., L. Medrano-Gonzalez, J. Calambokidis, A. Perry, F. B. Pichler, H. Rosenbaum, J. M. Straley, J. Urban-Ramirez, M. Yamaguchi, and O. v. Ziegesar. (1998) Population structure of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA variation among humpback whales in the North Pacific. Molecular Ecology, 7:695-708. dot

8. Baker, C. S., Perry, A., Bannister, J. L., Weinrich, M. T., Abernethy, R. B., Calambokidis, J., Lien, J., Lambertsen, R. H., Urban-Ramirez, J., Vasquez, O., Clapham, P. J., Alling, A., O'Brien, S. J., and Palumbi, S. R. (1993). Abundant mitochondrial DNA variation and world-wide population structure in humpback whales. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 90, pp 8239-8243.

9. Baker, C. S., Perry, A., and Herman, L. M. (1987). Reproductive histories of female humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae in the North Pacific. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 41, pp 103-114.

10. Baker, C. S., Slade, R. W., Bannister, J. L., Abernethy, R. B., Weinrich, M. T., Lien, J., Urban, J., Corkeron, P. J., Calmabokidis, J., Vasquez, O., and Palumbi, S. R. (1994). Hierarchical structure of mitochondrial DNA gene flow among humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae, world-wide. Molecular Ecology, 3, pp 313-327. dot

11. Bannister, J. L. (1994). Continued increase in humpback whales off Western Australia. Report of the International Whaling Commission, 44, pp 309-310.

12. Bannister, J. L. (unpub.). Report on aerial survey and photoidentification of humpback whales off Western Australia, 1994.

13. Bannister, J. L. (unpub.). Report on aerial survey for humpback whales, Western Australia, 1988.

14. Bannister, J. L. (unpub.). Report on aerial survey for humpback whales, Western Australia, 1991.

15. Bannister, J. L. (unpub). Report on assessment of computer-aided photographic identification of humpback whales, Western Australia: pilot study and related items.

16. Bannister, J. L. (unpub). Report on photoidentification of individual humpback whales, Western Australia, 1992/93 migration.

17. Bannister, J. L. (1985). Southern right (Eubalaena australis) and humpback (Megaptera novaeangliae) whales off Western Australia: some recent survey work In: Ling, J. K. and Bryden, M. M. Studies of Sea Mammals in South Latitudes. South Australian Museum. South Australia. pp 105-113.

18. Bannister, J. L. (1995). Western Australian humpback and right whales: increasing success story. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia.

19. Bannister, J. L. and Burton, C. (1996). A pilot study to investigate the feasibility to implement a computer based and matching facility for WA humpback whale identification photographs. A report to the Western Australian Museum.

20. Bannister, J. L., Kemper, C. M., and Warneke, R. M. (1996). The Action Plan for Australian Cetaceans. Wildlife Australia Endangered Species Program Project No 380. ANCA, Canberra, ACT. 9September 1996) ISBN 0 642 213887. dot

21. Bannister, J. L., Kirkwood, G. P., and Wayte, S. E. (1991). Increase in humpback whales off Western Australia. Report of the International Whaling Commission, 41, pp 461-465.

21.1 Best P.B. (1993) Increase rates in severly depleted stocks of baleen whales. ICES J. mar Sci,. 50. 169-86.

22. Best, P. B. and et al. (1998). Winter distribution and possible migration routes of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae in the southwest Indian Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 162, pp 287-299.

22.1 Beklimishev, C.W. (1960) Southern Atmosphere cyclones and the whale feeding grounds in the Abtarctiv. Nature. London., 187. 530-1.

22.2 Blackmer, A.L., S.K. Anderson, and M.T. Weinrich. (2000) Temporal variability in features used to photo-identify humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Marine Mammal Science 16(2): 338-354.

22.3 Borggaard, D., J. Lien and P. Stevick. (1999). Assessing the effects of industrial activity on large cetaceans in Trinity Bay, Newfoundland. Aquatic Mammals 25:149-161.

23. Brown, M. R. (1996). Population biology and migratory characteristics of east Australian humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae. University of Sydney Sydney, Australia.

24. Brown, M. R. (1997). Review of intermingling of populations of humpback whales on the feeding grounds in Antarctic Areas IV and V from Chittleborough's papers (1959, 1965) and from Dawbin (1966). IWC Document SC/49/SH39.

25. Brown, M. R. (1997). Review of publications by Mackintosh (1942) and Omura (1953) to confirm the views over humpback whale feeding grounds in Antarctic Areas I-VI. IWC Document SC/49/SH40.

26. Brown, M. R., Buckland, S. T., Corkeron, P. J., and Bryden, M. M. (1995). Estimates of abundance for east Australian humpback whales from land-based surveys at Point Lookout, North Stradbroke Island, 1980-1993. IWC Document SC/47/SH25.

27. Brown, M. R. and Butterworth, D. S. (1998). Estimates of abundance of Southern Hemisphere humpback whales and sperm whales from the IWC/IDCR-SOWER sightings survey cruises from 1978/79 to 1995/96. IWC Document SC/50/CAWS37.

28. Brown, M. R. and Butterworth, D. S. (1997). Estimates of abundance of Southern Hemisphere humpback whales from the second circumpolar and subsequent IWC/IDCR sightings survey cruises. IWC Document SC/49/SH33.

29. Brown, M. R. and Corkeron, P. J. (1995). Pod characteristics of migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae), migrating off Point Lookout, Queensland. Behaviour, 132, pp 163-179.

30. Brown, M. R., Corkeron, P. J., Hale, P. T., Schultz, K. W., and Bryden, M. M. (1994). Behavioural responses of east Australian humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae to biopsy sampling. Marine Mammal Science, 10, pp 391-400.

31. Brown, M. R., Corkeron, P. J., Hale, P. T., Schultz, K. W., and Bryden, M. M. (1995). Evidence for a sex segregated migration in the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Ser. B Biol. Sci., 259, pp 229-234.

32. Brown, M. R., Field, M. S., Clarke, E. D., Butterworth, D. S., and Bryden, M. M. (no date). Estimates of abundance and rate of increase for east Australian humpback whales from the 1996 land-based survey at Point Lookout, North Stradbroke Island, Queensland. IWC Document SC/49/SH35.

32.1 Bryden, M. M. and Griffiths, D.J., 1980. Survey of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off east Australia 1980. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service Report, 74pp.

33. Bryden, M. M. (1985). Studies of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae, Area V In: Ling, J. K. and Bryden, M. M. Studies of Sea Mammals in South Latitudes. South Australian Museum. Adelaide, Australia. pp 115-123.

34. Bryden, M. M. (1981). Survey of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off eastern Australia, 1981. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

35. Bryden, M. M. (1996). Survey of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off Eastern Australia, 1996. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

36. Bryden, M. M. (1978). Whales and whaling in Queensland waters. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 88, pp 5-18.

36. 1 Bryden M. M., and Corkeron, P. J., (1990). Humpback whales in Hervey Bay. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service Report, 75pp.

37. Bryden, M. M., Brown, M. R., and Corkeron, P. J. (1991). Survey of humpback whales off eastern Australia 1991. Report to the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

38. Bryden, M. M., Brown, M. R., and Corkeron, P. J. (1994). Survey of humpback whales off eastern Australia 1993. Report to the Australian Nature Conservation Agency.

39. Bryden, M. M., Brown, M. R., Field, M. S., Clarke, E. D., and Butterworth, D. S. (1996). Survey of Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) Off Eastern Australia, 1996. University of Sydney, Sydney.

40. Bryden, M. M. and Corkeron, P. J. (1991). Humpback whales in Hervey Bay, Queensland, 1990. Report to the Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service.

41. Bryden, M. M. and Corkeron, P. J. (1989). Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Hervey Bay, Queensland, 1989. Report to the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

42. Bryden, M. M., Corkeron, P. J., and Slade, R. W. (1988). Humpback whales in Hervey Bay, Queensland, 1988. Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

43. Bryden, M. M., Corkeron, P. J., and Slade, R. W. (1989). Humpback whales in Hervey Bay, Queensland, 1988. Report to the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

44. Bryden, M. M. and Cox, M. (1983). Observations on east coast humpback whales during the southward migration, 1982. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

45. Bryden, M. M. and Griffiths, D. J. (1980). Survey of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off eastern Australia, 1980. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

46. Bryden, M. M., Kirkwood, G. P., and Slade, R. W. (1990). Humpback Whales, Area V. An Increase in Numbers off Australia's East Coast In: Antarctic Ecosystems. Ecological Change and Conservation. Ed. Kerry, K. R. and Hempel. G. Springer-Verlag. Berlin & heidelberg. pp 271-7

47. Bryden, M. M. and Slade, R. W. (1987). Survey of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) off eastern Australia, 1987. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra, ACT, Australia.

48. Buckland, S. T. (1990). Estimation of survival rates from sightings of individually identifiable whales. Report of the International Whaling Commission, 12, pp 149-153.

49. Burton, C. (1990). Sighting analysis and photographic identification of humpback whales off Western Australia, 1989. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 39, pp 259-270.

50. Bushing, V. C. (1991). A Humpback Whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, skeleton discovered at an unusual location on Moreton Island, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30, pp 271-275.

51. Butterworth, D. S., Chalmers, C. J., and Brown, M. R. (1995). Estimates of undeclared catches of humpback whales in Areas IV and V based on fits of population models to relative abundance indices from sightings surveys. IWC Document SC/46/SH5 .

52. Carlson, C. A., Mayo, C. A., and Whitehead, H. (1990). Changes in the ventral fluke pattern of the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) and its effect of matching: evaluation of its significance to photo-identification research. IWC Document SC/A88/ID35. Report of the International Whaling Commission. Special issue No 12,

53. Cato, D. H. (1991). Songs of humpback whales: The Australian perspective. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30, pp 277-290. Brisbane. ISSN 0079-8835.

53.1 Cato, D. H. (1992). The biological contribution to the ambient noise in waters near Australia. Acoustics Australia Vol 20 No.3: pp 76-80. (December 1992)

54 Cato, D. H. (1993). Observations of humpback whale songs in Australian waters. Acoust. Soc. Am., 93, pp 2358.

55. Cato, D. H. (1984). Recording humpback whale sounds off Stradbroke Island In: Coleman, R. J., Covacevich, J., and Davie, P. Focus on Stradbroke. Booralong Publications. Brisbane, Australia. pp 283-290.

56. Cato, D. H. (1995). Sounds of humpback whales migrating along the Australian coastlines. Proceedings of the 15th Internations Congress on Acoustics, Tondheim, Norway, 1, pp 219-222.

56.1 Cerchio S. (1998). Estimates of humpback whale abundance off Kauai, 1989-1993: evaluating biases associated with sampling the Hawaiian islands breeding assemblage. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 175: 23-34. dot

56.2 Cerchio S, Gabriele CM , Norris TF and Herman LM . (1998). Movements of humpback whales between Kauai and Hawaii: implications for population structure and abundance estimation in the Hawaiian Islands. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 175: 13-22 dot

56.3 Cerchio, S, Jacobsen, JK and Norris, TN. (2001). Temporal and geographical variation in songs of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae: Synchronous change in Hawaiian and Mexican breeding assemblages. Animal Behavior 62:313-329.

56.4 Cerchio, S and Dahlheim, M. (2001). Variation in Feeding Vocalizations of Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) from Southeast Alaska. Bioacoustics 11: 277-295.

57. Chaloupka, M. (1990). A policy model for regulation of the Hervey Bay commercial whale-watching industry. Internal report, Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage. Queensland Department of Environment & Heritage, Brisbane, Australia.

58. Chaloupka, M. (1996). A policy model for the Moreton Bay Marine Park commercial whale watching industry. Internal report, Department of Environment. Queensland Department of Environment, Brisbane, Australia.

59. Chaloupka, M., Osmond, M. B., (1999). Spatial and Seasonal distribution of Humpback Whales in the Great Barrier Reef Region. American Fisheries Society Symposium 23:000-000,1999: pp90-107. dot

60. Chaloupka, M., Osmond M and Kaufman G. (1999) Estimating seasonal abundance trends and survival probabilities of humpback whales in Hervey Bay (east coast Australia). Marine Ecology Progress Series 184: 291-301. dot

61. Chapman, D. G. (1974). Status of Antarctic rorqual stocks In: The Whale Problem, a status report. ed. Schevill, W. E. Harvard University Press. Cambridge, Massachusetts. pp 213-238.

62. Chittleborough, R. G. (1953). Aerial observations on the humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonnaterre), with notes on other species. Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 4, pp 219-226.

62.1 Chittleborough, R.G. (1954) Studies on the ovaries of the humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonaterre), on the Western Australian Coast. Aust. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 5:35-63.

62.2 Chittleborough, R.G. (1955) Puberty, physical Maturity and relative growth of the female humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonaterre), on the western Australian Coast. Aust. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 6:315-327.

62.3 Chittleborough, R.G. (1955) Aspects of reproduction in the male humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonaterre). Aust. J. Mar. Fresh. Res. 6:1-29.

62.4 Chittleborough, R. G. (1957). An analysis of recent catches of humpback whales from the stocks in Groups IV and V. Prepared for the International Commission on Whaling. Report. Division of Fisheries and Oceanography. CSIRO Australia, no. 4.

62.5 Chittleborough, R. G. and Godfrey, K. (1957). A review of whale marking and some trials of a modified whale mark. Norsk Hvalfangsttid., 46: 238-248.

62.6 Chittleborough, R. G. (1958). Age determination in whales. Anzaas, 33rd Meeting, Adelaide.

62.7 Chittleborough, R. G. (1958). An analysis of recent catches of humpback whales from the stocks in Groups IV and V. Prepared for the International Commission on Whaling. Norsk Hvalfangsttid., 47: 109-137.

62.8 Chittleborough, R.G. (1958) The breeding cycle of the female humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonnaterre). Aust. J. Mar. Freshwater Res. 9:1-18.

62.9 Chittleborough, R.G. (1958) Australian catches of humpback whales 1957. Prepared for IWC. CSIRO Australian Division of Fishing Oceanography Report, 17: pp 1-21.

62.10 Chittleborough, R. G. (1959). Australian humpback whales 1958. Prepared for the International Commission on Whaling Report. Division of Fisheries and Oceanography. CSIRO Australia, no. 23.

62.11 Chittleborough, R. G. (1959). Australian marking of humpback whales. Norsk Hvalfangsttid., 48: 47-55.

62.12 Chittleborough, R. G. (1959). Determination of age in the humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa (Bonnaterre). Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res., 10: 125-143.

62.13 Chittleborough, R. G. (1959). Intermingling of two populations of humpback whales. Norsk Hvalfangsttid., 48: 510-521.

62.14 Chittleborough, R. G. (1959). Whale marking and recoveries. Fish. Newsl., 18 (2): 5-7.

62.15 Chittleborough, R. G. (1960). Apparent variation in the mean length of female humpback whales at puberty. Norsk Hvalfangsttid., 49: 120-124.

62.16 Chittleborough, R. G. (1960). Australian catches of humpback whales 1959. Prepared for the International Commission on Whaling. . Report. Division of Fisheries and Oceanography. CSIRO Australia, no. 29.

62.17 Chittleborough, R. G. (1960). Lengths of puberal female humpbacks. Fish. Newsl., 19 (4): 13.

62.18 Chittleborough, R. G. (1960). Marked humpback whale of known age. Nature, Lond., 187: 164.

62.19 Chittleborough, R. G. (1961). Australian catches of humpback whales 1960. Report. Division of Fisheries and Oceanography. CSIRO Australia, no. 31.

63. Chittleborough, R. G. (1962). Australian catches of humpback whales 1961. CSIRO Australian Division of Fishing Oceanography Report, 34, pp 1-13.

63.1 Chittleborough, R. G. (1963). Australian catches of humpback whales 1962. Report. Division of Fisheries and Oceanography. CSIRO Australia, no. 35.

64. Chittleborough, R. G. (1965). Dynamics of two populations of the humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae (Borowski). Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 16, pp 33-128.

65. Chittleborough, R. G. (1991). Potential Impacts of Climatic Change on the Southern Ocean Ecosystem. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30 (2), pp 243-247.

65.1 Chu,K.C., S. Nieukirk. 1988. Dorsal fin scars as an indicator of age, sex and social status in humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Can.J.Zool. 66: 416-420.

65.2 Clapham, P.J. 1993. Social organization of humpback whales on a North Atlantic feeding ground. Symp. Zool. Soc.Lond.No 66: 131-145.

65.3 Clapham, P.J. 1994. Maturational changes in patterns of association in male and female humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae. J.Zool. Lond. (234): 265-274.

65.4 Clapham, P.J. 1994. Maturational changes in patterns of association in male and female humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae. J.Zool. Lond. (234): 265-274.

65.5 Clapham,P.J. 1996. The social and reproductive biology of humpback whales: an ecological perspective. Mammal Rev. Vol 26, No. 1, 27-49.

66. Clapham, P. J., Baraff, L. S., Carlson, C. A., Christian, M. A., Mattila, D. K., Mayo, C. A., Murphy, M. A., and Pittman, S. (1993). Seasonal occurrence and annual return of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the southern Gulf of Maine. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 71, pp 440-443.

67. Clapham, P. J. and Brownell, R. L. (1996). The potential for interspecific competition in baleen whales. Rep. Int. Whale. Commn., 46, pp 361-367.

68. Clapham, P. J. and Mayo, C. A. (1987). Reproduction and recruitment of individually identified humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, observed in Massachusetts Bay, 1979-1985. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 65, pp 2853-2863.

69. Clapham, P. J. and Mayo, C. A. (1990). Reproduction of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the Gulf of Maine. International Whaling Commission, Special Issue No. 12.

69.1 Clapham, P.J. & Mead, J.G. 1999. Megaptera novaeangliae. Mammalian Species 604: 1-9.

70. Clapham, P. J., Palsboll, P. J., Mittila, D. K., and Vasquez, O. (1992). Composition and dynamics of humpback whale competitive groups in the West Indies. Behaviour, 122, pp 182-194.

70.1 Clapham, P.J., Wetmore, S.E., Smith, T.D. and Mead, J.G. (1999) Length at birth and at independence in humpback whales. J. Cetacean res. Manage. 1: 141-146. dot

70.2 Clapham, P.J., Young, S.B. & Brownell, R.L. Jr. (1999) Baleen whales: conservation issues and the status of the most endangered populations. Mammal Review 29: 35-60.

70.3 Clapham, P.J. 2001. LETTERS: Why do Baleen Whales Migrate? A response to Corkeron and Connor. Marine Mammal Science 17:432-436.

70.4 Conservation and Management of Whales and Dolphins in Queensland 1997-2001. Queensland Department of Environment (november 1997) ISBN 0 7242 6522 8.dot

70.5 Connor, R.C., and P.J. Corkeron. 2001. LETTERS: Predation Past and Present: Killer Whales and Baleen Whale Migration. Marine Mammal Science 17:436-439.

71. Corkeron, P. J. (1993). Aerial survey methodology for Hervey Bay Marine Park Queensland: A Review. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Queensland.

72. Corkeron, P. J. (1993). Aerial surveys for humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the Hervey Bay Marine Park: a review. Report to the Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage.

73. Corkeron, P. J. (1993). Humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Hervey Bay, Queensland Behaviour and responses to whale watching vessels. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73, pp 1290-1299.

74. Corkeron, P. J. (1995). Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Hervey Bay, Queensland: behaviour and responses to whale-watching vessels. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73, pp 1290-1299.

75. Corkeron, P. J. (1995). Priorities for research into whalewatching in Australia: a scientist's view. In: Colgan, K. Encounters With Whales 95. 123-136.

76. Corkeron, P. J. (1988). Report on the survey for humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the waters around Maer Island, Torres Strait. Report to the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

77. Corkeron, P. J. (1997). The status of cetaceans in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park In: Wachenfeld, D, Oliver, J, and Davis, K. The state of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area Report. 283-287.

78. Corkeron, P. J., Brown, M. R., Slade, R. W., and Bryden, M. M. (1994). Humpback Whales, Megaptera novaeangliae (Cetacea: Balaenopteridae), in Hervey Bay, Queensland. Journal of Wildlife Research, 21, pp 293-305.

79. Corkeron, P. J., Brown, M. R., Slade, R. W., and Bryden, M. M. (1994). Humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae (Cetacea: Balaenopterridae), in Hervey Bay, Queensland. Wildlife Research, 21, pp 293-305.

80. Coughran, D. K. (1994). Marine Mammal Interaction. An overview of the whale watching industry in Western Australia 1989-1992. Encounters with whales '93. A conference to explore the management isues relating to human/whale interactions. Lady Elliott Island.Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority. Townsville, Queensland.

81. Craig, A. S. and Herman, L. M. (1997). Sex differences in site fidelity and migration of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to the Hawaiian Islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 75, pp 1923-1933. dot

81.1 Craig, A.S. and Herman, L.M. (2000). Habitat preferences of female humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the Hawaiian Islands are associated with reproductive status. Marine Ecology Progress Series 193:209-216.

81.2 Craig, A. S., Herman, L. M., and Pack, A. A. ( 2002). Male mate choice and male-male competition coexist in the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 80: 745-755.

81.3 Darling, J.D. (1983) Mating behavior of "Hawaiian" humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae).- Proceeding of the Fifth Biennial Conference on the Biology of Marine Mammals, Boston, MA. Soc. for Marine Mammalogy, p 21.

81.4 DARLING, JAMES D. and MARTINE BERUBE. (2001). Interactions of singing humpback whales with other males. (Megaptera novaeangliae)MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE 17(3):570-584. 2001.

82. Dawbin, W. H. (1956). The migrations of humpback whales which pass the New Zealand coast. Transactions of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 84, pp 147-196.

82.1 Dawbin, W. H. (1964). Movements of whales marked in the south west Pacific Ocean 1952 to 1962. Norsk Hvalfansttid, 53, pp 68-78. dot

83. Dawbin, W. H. (1964). An analysis of the New Zealand cathes of Humpback whales from 1947-1958.. Norsk Hvalfansttid, 2: pp 61-75.

84. Dawbin, W. H. (1966). The seasonal migratory cycle of humpback whales. In: Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. Ed. Norris, KS. University of California Press. Berkeley, California. pp 145-170. dot

84.1 Dawbin, W.H. (1983) Soaked in sound- ethereal songs of moans, clicks and whistles. Aust. Nat. Hist 21(2): 55-58.

85. Dawbin, W. H. andGill, P.C. (1991). Humpback whale survey along the coast of Western Australia: acomparison of visual and acoustic observations.. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30 (2) : pp 255-257. Brisbane. ISSN 0079-8835.

85.1 Dawbin, W. H. and Eyre, E. J. (1991). Humpback whale songs along the coast of Western Australia and some comparison with east coast songs. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30 (2) : pp 249-254. Brisbane. ISSN 0079-8835. dot

85.2 Dawbin, W. H. (1997) Temporal segregation of Humpback whlaes during migration in southern hemisphere waters. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 42 (1): 105-138. Brisbane. ISSN 0079-8835. dot

86. Department of Business, Economic Development and Tourism. (1997). Hawaiian Islands humpback whale National Marine Sanctuary: final environmental impact statement, management plan. Sanctuaries and Reserves Division, Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Honolulu, Hawaii.

87. Department of Environment. (1997). Nature Conservation (Whales and Dolphins) Conservation Plan 1997. Department of Environment, Brisbane, Queensland.

87.1 Dolphin, W.F. 1987. Observations of humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae - killer whale, Orcinus orca, interactions in Alaska: comparison with terrestrial predator-prey relationships. Can. Field Nat. 101: 70-75.

88. Edwards, J. and Burton, C. (1995). Assessment of the potential impacts by whale watching vessels on humpback whales during their southward migration past Perth, Western Australia 1994/5. (States Co-operative Assistance Program).

88.1 Fertl, D. (1999). First record of an albino bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) in the Gulf of Mexico, with a review of anomalously white Cetaceans. Marine Mammal Science 15 (1): 227-234. (January 1999) dot

89. Findlay, K. P. (no date). A review of abundance of humpback whales in the Southern Hemisphere from modern whaling catches (1904 to 1963) and recent surveys. IWC Document SC/50/CAWS.

90. Findlay, K. P. and Best, P. B. (1996). Assessment of heterogeneity in sighting probabilities of humpback whales within viewing range of Cape Vidal, South Africa. Marine Mammal Science, 12, pp 335-353.

91. Findlay, K. P. and Best, P. B. (1996). Estimates of the numbers of humpback whales observed migrating past Cape Vidal, South Africa, 1988-1991. Marine Mammal Science, 12, pp 354-370.

91.1 Fl—rez-Gonz‡lez, L., J.J. Capella and H.C. Rosenbaum. 1994. Attack of killer whales (Orcinus orca) on humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on a South American breeding ground. Marine Mammal Science 10: 218-222.

92. Forestell, P. H., Brown, E. K., and Kaufman, G. D. (1993). Spatial and temporal use of Hervey Bay Marine Park by humpback whales and boats: 1992. Pacific Whale Foundation, Brisbane.

93. Franklin, T. (1995). Research priorities for whale watching from an industry viewpoint. Encounters with Whales 1995 - Proceedings. Editors Kathy Colgan, Scott Prasser and Alan Jeffery. Austalian Nature Conservation Agency 1996 - USBN 0642 2 25068 5. (July 1996) dot

93.1 Franklin, T. (1995). The evolving management program in Hervey Bay from the perspective of a permitted operator. Scientific Apects of Managing Whale Watching (Italy, March-April 1995) - Workshop Report. IFAW UK - ISBN 1-901002-00-4 (June 1996)dot

93.2 Friday, N., T.D. Smith, P.T. Stevick, and J. Allen. (2000) Measurement of photographic quality and individual distinctiveness for the photographic identification of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae. Marine Mammal Science 16(2): 355-374.

93.3 Gabriele Christine M. , Straley Janice M. , Mizroch Sally A., Baker C. Scott, Craig Alison S, Herman Louis M, Glockner-Ferrari Debbie , Ferrari Mark J, Cerchio Salvatore, Von Ziegesar Olga, Darling Jim , McSweeney Dan, J. Quinn II Terrance, and Jacobsen Jeff K. (2001) Estimating the mortality rate of humpback whale calves in the central North Pacific Ocean. Pages 589-600, Canadian Journal of Zoology Volume 79, Number 4, April 2001.

94. Garrigue, C. and Gill, P. (1994). Observations of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in New Caledonian waters during 1991-1993. Biological Conservation, 70, pp 211-218.

94.1 GARRIGUE, CLAIRE; PAUL FORESTELL; JACQUI GREAVES; PETER GILL; PATRICIA NAESSIG; NATHALIE M. PATENAUDE and SCOTT C. BAKER. (2000). Migratory movements of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) between New Caledonia, East Australia and New Zealand. THE JOURNAL OF CETACEAN RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT 2(2):111-115 2000.

95. Gaskin, D. E. (1982). The Ecology of Whales and Dolphins. Heinemann, London, UK.

96. Geraci, J. R., Anderson, D. M., Timperi, R. J., St Aubin, D. J., Early, G. A., Prescott, J. H., and Mayo, C. A. (1989). Humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) fatally poisoned by dinoflagellate toxins. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 46, pp 1895-1898.

96.1 Gerber, LR; DeMaster, DP. (1999) A quantitative approach to endangered species act classification of long-lived vertebrates: Application to the North Pacific humpback whale. CONSERVATION BIOLOGY. October 1999 v13 i5 p1203-1214

97. Gill, P. and Burton, C. (1995). Photographic resight of a humpback whale between Western Australia and Antarctica Area IV. Journal of Marine Mammal Science, 11, pp 96-100.

98. Gill, P., Eyre, E. J., Garrigue, C., and Dawbin, W. H. (1995). Observations of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) on a cruise to New Caledonia and the Chesterfield reefs. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 38, pp 505-511.

99. Gillespie, A. (June 1997). Whale-watching and the Precautionary Principle: The difficulties of the New Zealand domestic esponse in the whaling debate In: New Zealand Universities Law Review . 254-271.

100. Glockner, D. A. and Venus, S. C. (1983). Identification, growth rate, and behaviour of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) cows and calves in the waters off Maui, Hawaii, 1977-79 In: Payne, R. Communication and Behaviour of Whales. Westview Press. Boulder, Colorado. pp

100.1 Glockner-ferrari D.A. and M.J. ferrari. 1990. Reproduction in the humpback whale (megaptera novaeangliae) wintering in Hawaiian waters. CAN.J.ZOOL. 62:1922-1937.

100.2 Grady, D. (1982) The perano whalers of Cook strait 1911-1964. A. H. & W. Reed, Wellington & Sydney.

101. Greaves, J. and Garrigue, C. (1997). Preliminary population estimation of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in New Caledonia. Marine Benthic Habitats Congress. Noumea.

101.1 Grohmann, L; Bokermann, I; Sonntag, R; Unseld, M; Hiesel, R; Malek, O; Giese, A; Brennicke, A. (1999) Whale meat from protected species is still being sold on Japanese markets. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN. July 1999 v86 i7 p350-351

101.2 Guan, S., A. Takemura, and T. Koido. (1999) An introduction to the structure of humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, song off Ryukyu Islands, 1991/1992. Aquatic Mammals 25.1: 35-42.

102. Hammond, P. S. (1990). Capturing whales on film - estimating cetacean population parameters from individual recognition data. Mammal Rev., 20, pp 17-22.

103. Hammond, P. S. (1986). Estimating the size of naturally marked whale populations using capture-recapture techniques. International Whaling Commission,

103.1 HAUSER, NAN; HOYT PECKHAM and PHIL CLAPHAM. (2000). Humpback whales in the Southern Cook Islands, South Pacific. (Megaptera novaeangliae). JOURNAL OF CETACEAN RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT 2(3):159-164. 2000.

104. Helweg, D. A., Cato, D. H., Jenkins, P. F., Garrigue, C., and McCauley, R. D. (unpub.). Dialects in south Pacific humpback whale song. Animal Behaviour (submitted 1998).

104.1 Helweg,D.A., L.M. Herman, Yamamoto, S. and Forrestall, P.H. (1990) Comparison of songs of Humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae recorded in Japan, hawaii and Mexico during the winter of 1989. Sci. Repts. Cetacean Res. 1: 1-20.

105. Helweg, D. A., Cato, D. H., Jenkins, P. F., Garrigue, C., and McCauley, R. D. (1998). Geographic variation in south Pacific humpback whale songs. Behaviour, 135, pp 1-27.

106. Helweg, D. A., Frankel, A. S., Mobley, J. R., and Herman, L. M. (1992). Humpback Whale Song: Our Current Understanding In: Thomas, J. Marine Mammal Sensory Systems. Plenum Press. New York. pp 459-483.

106.1 Helweg,D.A., L.M. Herman. (1994) Diurnal Patterns of Behaviour and Group Membership of Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) Wintering in Hawaiian Waters. Ecology 98: 298-311.

107. Herman, L. M. (1994). Hawaiian humpback whales and ATOC: a conflict of interests. Journal of Environmental Development, 3, pp 63.

108. Herman, L. M. and Antinoja, R. C. (1977). Humpback whales in Hawaiian breeding waters: population and pod characteristics. Scientifc Reports of the Whales Research Institute, 29, pp 59-85.

109. Hiby, A. R. and Hammond, P. S. (1989). Survey techniques for estimating abundance of cetaceans. Report of the International Whaling commission (Special Issue 11), 11, pp 47-80.

110. IFAW. (1997). Report of the International Workshop on the Educational Values of Whale Watching. Educational Values of Whale Watching. International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), United Kingdom.

111. IFAW. (1995). Report of the Workshop on the Scientific Aspects of Managing Whale Watching. Scientific Aspects of Managing Whale Watching. International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), Montecastello Di Vibio, Italy.

112. IFAW. (1996). Report of the Workshop on the Special Aspects of Watching Sperm Wales. The Special Aspects of Watching Sperm Whales. International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), Roseau, Commonwalth of Dominica.

113. Jeffrey, A. F. (1993). Hervey Bay Marine Park Whale Watching Management Program: Report on 1992 Season. Internal report. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Brisbane, Australia.

114. Jenkins, P. F., Helweg, D. A., and Cato, D. H. (1995). Humpback whale song in Tonga: initial findings In: Kastelein, R., Thomas, J., and Nachtigall, P. E. Sensory Systems of Aquatic Mammals . De Spil Publishers. Netherlands. pp

114.1 Jones, D. (1982) The whalers of Tanganlooma. tangalooma Island Resort, Tangalooma.

115. Katona, S. K. (1986). Biogeography of the humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the North Atlantic. Pelagic biogeography: UNESCO Technical Paper Mar. Sci. No. 49 .

116. Katona, S. K. (1991). Large-scale Planning for Assessment and Recovery of Humpback Whale Populations. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30, pp 297-305.

117. Katona, S. K., Baxter, B., Brazier, O., Kraus, S. D., Perkins, J., and Whitehead, H. (1979). Identification of humpback whales by fluke photographs. In: Behaviour of Marine Animals, Vol 3. Ed. Winn, H. E. and Olla, B. L. Plenum Press. New York. pp 33-44.

118. Katona, S. K. and Beard, J. A. (1990). Population size, migrations and feeding aggregations of the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Report of the International Whaling Commission.

119. Kaufman, G. D., Lagerquist, B. A., Forestell, P. H., and Osmond, M. B. (1993). Humpback whales of Australia. A catalogue of individual whales identified by the fluke photographs. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Brisbane, Brisbane, Australia.

120. Kaufman, G. D., Smultea, M. A., and Forestell, P. H. (1987). Use of lateral body pigmentation patterns for photographic identification of east Australian (Area V) humpback whales. Cetus, 7 (1), pp 5-13.

121. Kellert, S. R., Gibbs, J. P., and Wohlgenant, T. J. (1995). Canadian perceptions of commercial fisheries management and marine mammal conservation in the Northwest Atlantic Ocean. Anthrozoos, 3, pp 20-30.

122. Lien, J., Todd, S., and Guigne, J. (1990). Inferences about perception in large cetaceans, especially humpback whales, from incidental catches in fixed fishing gear, enhancement of nets by "alarm" devices and the acoustics of fishing gear. In: Thomas, J. and Kastelein, R. Sensory abilities of cetaceans. Plenum Press. New York. pp 347-362.

122.1 Maeda, H., T. Koido, and A. Takemura. (2000). Principal component analysis of song units produced by humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the Ryukyu region of Japan. Aquatic Mammals 26(3): 202-211.

123. Makris, N. C. and Cato, D. H. (1994). Using singing whales to track nonsingers. J. Acoust. Soc. Am., 96, pp 3352.

124. Malme, C. I., Miles, P. R., Tyack, P. L., Clark, C. W., and Bird, J. E. (1985). Investigations of the potential effects of underwater noise from petroleum activities on feeding humpback whale behaviour. Report from Bolt Beranek & Newman Inc., Cambridge, Massachsetts for U.S. Mineral Management Service.

125. Mattila, D. K. and Clapham, P. J. (1989). Humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, and other cetaceans on Virgin Bank and in the northern Leeward Islands, 1985 and 1986. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67, pp 2201-2211.

126. Mattila, D. K., Clapham, P. J., Katona, S. K., and Stone, G. S. (1989). Population composition of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, on Silver Bank, 1984. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67, pp 281-285.

126.1 Matilla, D.K., P.J. Clapham., O. Vasquez & R.S. Bowman. (1994) Ocurrence population, composition and habitat use of the humpback whale in Samana Bay, Dominican Republic. Can. J. Zool. 72: 1898-1907.

126.2 Matthews l. H. (1937). The humpback whale, Megaptera nodosa. discovery Reports 17: 7-92.

127. McCauley, R. D. (1997). Report of field activities, Exmouth Gulf, October 1997: Humpback whale and fish air-gun exposure trials. Curtin University Perth, Western Australia.

128. McCauley, R. D. (1994). Seismic surveys In: Swan, J. M., Neff, J. M., and Young, P. C. Environmental Implications of Offshore Oil and Gas Development in Australia - The findings of an Independent Scientific Review. APEA. Sydney, Australia. pp 19-122.

129. McCauley, R. D., Cato, D. H., and Jeffrey, A. F. (1996). A study of the impacts of vessel noise on humpback whales in Hervey Bay. James Cook University, Townsville, Australia.

130. McCauley, R. D., Jenner, M-N., Jenner, C., McCabe, K. A., and Murdock, J. (1998). The response of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) to offshore seismic survey noise: preliminary results of observations about a working vessel and experimental exposures. APPEA Journal, 12-27.

130.1 McCauley, R.D., Fewtrell, J., Duncan, A.J., Jenner, C., Jenner, M-N., Penrose, J., Prince, R.I.T., Adhitya, A., Murdoch, J., McCabe, K. (2000 in press). Marine seismic surveys - A study of environmental implications. APPEA Journal, May 2000

131. Mercado, E. (1998). Humpback whale bioacoustics: From form to function. University of Hawaii Honolulu, Hawaii.

131.1 Mercado, E. Kuh, A. (1998). Classification of humpback whale vocalizations using a self-organizing neural network. Proceedings of IJCNN'98, 1584-1598.

131.2 Mercado, E, III, Michalopoulou, Z- H, Frazer, LN (2000) A possible relationship between waveguide properties and bandwidth utilization in humpback whales. OCEANS 2000 MTS/IEEE Conference Proceedings, 1743-1747.

132. Mizroch, S. A. and Harkness S. A. D. (1998). Update on the North Pacific humpback whale fluke photograph collection.

133. Mobley, J. R. and Herman, L. M. (1985). Transience of social affiliations among humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Hawaiian wintering grounds. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 63, pp 762-772.

134. Montero, R., Arechavaleta, M., Lens, S., and Rodriguez, J. L. (no date). Whalewatching in the Canary Islands (Spain): Development and Management.

135. Mori, K. (1995). Summary of the Cetacean Watching in Japan and its Rules. Working paper for the Workshop on the Scientific Aspects of Managing Whale Watching, Italy.

136. Muller, A. (1996). Data Analysis Report on the 1996 Whale Expedition in the Hervey Bay Marine Park by the Oceania Project Research Program. Department of Environment, Queensland, Australia.

137. Naessig, P. and Brown, E. K. (1997). Humpback whale fluke identification project Whitsunday and Hervey Bay regions 1993 - 1996: Historical resight analysis. Pacific Whale Foundation, Hawaii.

138. National Marine Fisheries Service. (1991). Final recovery plan for the humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae. National Marine Fisheries Service, Silver Spring.

139. Nishiwaki, M. (1959). Humpback Whales in Ryukyuan waters. Sci. Rep. Whales Res. Ins. Tokyo, 14, pp 49-87.

140. Noad, M. J., Cato, D. H., and Bryden, M. M. (1997). Data Summary Report: Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) Acoustic Survey and Tracking Project. Point Lookout and Peregian Beach, Queensland, June to November 1996. Queensland Department of Environment, Brisbane, Australia.

140.1 Norris, T. F., Mc Donald M. and Barlow J. 1998. Acoustic detections of singing humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the eastern North Pacific during their northbound migration. J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 106(1): 506-514.

140.2 Norris, T.F., Jacobsen, J., Cerchio, S and McDonald, M. M. (2000). A comparison of humpback whale songs in the pelagic eastern North Pacific to songs from Socorro, Mexico. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS -SWFSC-295. 29pp.

140.2 Ohizumi, H., Matsuishi, T and Kishino, H. 92002(. Winter sightings of humpback and Bryde's whales in tropical waters of the western and central North Pacific. Aquatic Mammals 28(1): 73-77.

140.3 Omura, H. (1953). biological study on humpback whales in the Antarctic whaling areas IV and V. Sci. Rep. Whales Res. Inst., Tokyo 8: 81-102

140.4 Mitchell E.D. and Reeves R.R. (1983) Catch history, abundance, and present status of Northwest Atlantic humpback whales. Reports of the International Whaling Commission (Special Issue 5): 153-212.

141. Pacific Whale Foundation. (1997). Humpback whale fluke identification project: Whitsunday and Hervey Bay Regions 1993-1996 - Historical resight analysis. Queensland Department of Environment, Brisbane, Australia.

141.1 Pack A. A. , Salden D. R. , Ferrari, D M,. Glockner-Ferrari J A., Herman L. M., Stubbs H. A. , Straley J. M. (1998). Male Humpback Whale Dies in Competitive Group. Marine Mammal Science, 14 (4), 861-873. (October 1998) dot

142. Palsboll, J., Allen, J. M., Berube, M., Clapham, P. J., Feffersen, Toniie P., Hammond, P. S., Hudson, R. R., Jorgensen, H., Katona, S. K., Larsen, A. H., Larsen, F., Lien, J., Mattila, D. K., Sigurjonsson, J., Sears, R., Smith, T. D., Sponer, R., Stevick, P., and Olen, N. (1997). Genetic tagging of humpback whales - Letters to 'Nature'. Nature, 388, pp 767-768.

142.1 Palsboll, Per. J. (1999) Genetic tagging: contemporary molecular ecology. Molecular genetics in animal ecology. Edited by P. A. Racey, P. J. Bacon, J. F. Dallas and S. B. Piertney. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society (1999), 68: 3-22. With 4 figures. dot

143. Pastene, L. A. and Baker, C. S. (unpub.). Diversity and distribution of mtDNA lineages among humpback whales on the feeding and wintering grounds of the Southern Hemisphere. IWC Document SC/49/SH26.

144. Paterson, R. A. (1980). Encouraging sightings of humpback whales off east coast. Australian Fisheries, 40(4), pp 30-33.

145. Paterson, R. A. (1984). Migration patterns of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae in the waters adjacent to Moreton and North Stradbroke Islands. In: Focus on Stradbroke. Ed. Coleman, R. J., Covacevich, J., and Davie, P. Booralong. Brisbane, Australia. pp 342-347.

146. Paterson, R. A. and Paterson, P. (1984). A study of the past and present status of humpback whales in east Australian waters. Biological Conservation, 29, pp 321-343.

147. Paterson, R. A. and Paterson, P. (1989). The status of recovering stock of humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae in East Australian Waters. Biological Conservation, 47 pp 33-48.

148. Paterson, R. A. (1991). The Migration of Humpback Whales Megaptera novaeangliae in East Australian Waters. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30, pp 333-341. dot

149. Paterson, R. A., Quayle, C. J., and Van Dyke, S. M. (1993). A humpback whale calf and two subadult dense-beaked whales recently stranded in southern Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 33(1), pp 291-7.

150. Paterson, R. A. (1994). An annotated list of recent additions to the cetacean collection in the Queensland Museum. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 35, pp 217-23.

151. Paterson, R. A. (1994). Unusual humpback whale sightings at Cape Moreton. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 35, pp 224.

153. Paterson, R. A., Paterson, P., and Cato, D. H. (1994). The Status of Humpback Whales Megaptera novaeangliae in East Australia Thirty Years After Whaling. Biological Conservation, 70, pp 135-142. dot

155. Paterson, R. A. andVan Dyke, S. M. (1991). Studies of Two Humpback Whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, Stranded at Fraser Island, Queensland. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30, pp 343-350.

155.1 PATRICK J. O. MILLER, NICOLETTA BIASSONI, AMY SAMUELS & PETER L. TYACK. (2000). Male humpbacks modify their sexual displays when exposed to man-made noise -Whale songs lengthen in response to sonar. Nature: 22 June 2000 Volume 405 No. 6789.

156. Pavan, G. and Borsani, J. F. (1997). Bioacoustic research on cetaceans in the Mediterranean Sea. Marine and Freshwater Behavioural Physiology, 30, pp 99-123.

156.1 Payne, R.S. S. McVay. (1971) Songs of the humpback whales. Science 173: 585-597. (13th August 1971) dot

156.2 Payne, K., Tyack, P. and Payne, R. (1983)Progressive changes in the Songs of the humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae: A detailed analysis of two seasons in Hawaii, 9-57. In R. Payne (ed), 'Communication and behaviour of whales'. (Westview press: Boulder).

156.3 Payne, K.,and guinee, L.. (1983) Humpback whales Megaptera novaeangliae songs as an indicator of "stocks', 333-359. In R. Payne (ed), 'Communication and behaviour of whales'. (Westview press: Boulder).

157. Perrin, W. F. (1989). Dolphins, Porpoises and Whales. An Action Plan for the Conservation of Biological Diversity 1988-1992. IUCN, Switzerland.

158. Pirzl, R. and Coddington, C. (1997). Australia. Progress report on cetacean research, January 1997 to December 1997, with statistical data for the calendar year 1997. Environment Australia, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory.

159. Priano, M., Pavan, G., Manghi, M., and Fossati, C. (1997). The cetacean sound library of the interdisciplinary centre for bioacoustics and environmental research of the University of Pavia. Proceedings of the Underwater Bio-sonar and Bioacoustics Symposium. Proc. I.O.A. Loughborough, United Kingdom.

160. Queensland Department of Environment. (1997). Report of the ANZECC Task Force on Recreational Observation of Marine Mammals and Other Species. Report of the ANZECC Task Force on Recreational Observation of Marine Mammals and Other Species. Queensland Department of Environment, Brisbane, Australia.

160.1 Quayle, C.J. (1991) a dissection of the larynx of a Humpback whale calf with a review of its functional morphology. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 30 (2): pp 351-354.

160.2 Razafindrakoto, Y., H.C. Rosenbaum, and D.A. Helweg. 2001. First description of humpback whale song from Antongil Bay, Madagascar. Marine Mammal Science 17:180-186.

160.3 Romero, A., Agudo, A. I., & Green, S.M. (1997). Exploitation of Cetaceans in Venezuela. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 47:735-746.

160.4 Romero, A., & Hayford, K. (2000). Past and present utilization of marine mammals in Grenada. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 2(3):223-226.

160.5 Romero, A., Agudo, A. I., Green, S. M., & Notarbartolo di Sciara, G. (2001). Cetaceans of Venezuela: Their distribution and conservation status. NOAA Technical Reports NMFS 151:1-60.

160.6 Rosenbaum, H.C., Clapham,P., Allen,J.,Jenner N.M., Jenner,C., Florez-Gonzalez,L., Urban,J., Ladron,P., Mori,K., Yamaguchi,M., and C.S. Baker. (1995) Geographic variation in ventral fluke pigmentation of humpback whale Megaptera novaeangliae populations worldwide. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. Vol. 124: 1-7.

160.7 Rosenbaum, H. C., Razafindrakoto, Y., Florez-Gonzalez, L., Capella, J., Garrigue, C., Greaves, J., Jenner, C., Jenner, M-N., Robles-Saavedra, M. R., DeSalle, R., and Baker, C. S. (1998). Variation and geographic structure of humpback whale mitochondrial DNA from the wintering grounds of Areas III, IV, V and VI in the Southern Hemisphere. IWC SC/50/CAWS35,

160.8 Secchi, E. R., Dalla Rosa, L., Kinas, P. G., Zerbini, A. N., Jana, D. V., Bethlem, C., Santos, M. C. O., and Walter, T. (no date). Density and photo-identification of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, around the Antarctic Peninsula with special reference to the Gerlache Strait and South Shetland Islands: Summer 1997/98.

160.9 SCHEIDAT, MEIKE; CRISTINA CASTRO; JUDITH DENKINGER; JANIRA GONZALEZ and DIETER ADELUNG. (2000). A breeding area for humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) off Ecuador. JOURNAL OF CETACEAN RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT 2(3):165-171. 2000.

161. Silber, G. K. (1986). The relationship of social vocalisations to surface behaviour and aggression in the Hawaiian humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 64, pp 2075-2080.

162. Simmons, M. L. and Marsh, H. E. (1986). Sightings of humpback whales in Great Barrier Reef waters. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute, 37, pp 31-46.

162.1 Salden, D R; Herman, L M; Yamaguchi, M; Sato, F. (1999) Multiple visits of individual humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) between the Hawaiian and Japanese winter grounds. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE. March 1999 v77 i3 p504-508.

162.2 Smith, T.D., J. Allen, P.J. Clapham, P.S. Hammond, S. Katona, F. Larsen, J. Lien, D. Mattila, P.J. Palsboll, J. Sigurjonsson, P.T. Stevick, and N. Oien. 1999. An ocean-basin-wide mark-recapture study of the North Atlantic humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Marine Mammal Science 15(1): 1-32. (January 1999) dot

163. Spalding, M. J. and Blumenfeld, J. E. (no date). Legal Aspects of Whale Watching in North America. Legal Aspects for Whale Watching Punta Arenas - Chile 17-20 November 1997. Chile.

163.1 Spitz, S. S., Herman, L. M. and Pack, A. A. (2000). Measuring sizes of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) by underwater videogrammetry. Marine Mammal Science, 16, 664-676.

164. Stevens, T. F. (1991). Hervey Bay Marine Park Whale Management Program 1990. Queensland Department of Environment & Heritage, Brisbane, Australia.

164.1 Stevens, T. F. and Chaloupka M. (1992). Whale Watching in Hervey Bay Marine Park and the Whitsundays: Implications for Management: Text of paper presented at 5th AWMCS Conference December 1992 - QDEH. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Brisbane, Australia. dot

165. Stevens, T. F. and Paton, D. (1992). Hervey Bay Marine Park Whale Watching Management Program: Report on 1991 Season. Internal Report - QDEH. Queensland Department of Environment and Heritage, Brisbane, Australia. dot

165.1 Stevick, P.T., Oien N and Matilla DK. (1998) Migration of a humpback whale (Mn) between Norway and the West Indies. Marine Mammal Science 14(1):162-166.

165.2 Stevick, P.T. CA Carlson and KC Balcomb. (1999) A note on migratory destinations of humpback whales from the eastern Caribbean. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 1(3): 251-254.

165.3 Stevick, P.T. (1999) Age-length relationships in humpback whales: A comparison of strandings in the western North Atlantic with commercial catches. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE. July 1999 v15 i3 p725-737.

165.4 Stevick, P.T., N. Oien and D. K. Mattila. (1999) Migratory destinations of humpback whales from Norwegian and adjacent waters: evidence for stock identity. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management 1(2):147-152. dot

165.5 Stevick, P. T., T. D. Smith, M. V. Bravington, P. J. Palsboll and P. S. Hammond. (2001). Errors in identification of individuals by natural markings: rates, sources and effects on capture-recapture estimates of abundance. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:1861-1870.

165.6 Stevick PT, McConnell BJ, Hammond PS (2002) Patterns of movement. In: Hoelzel AR (ed) Marine mammal biology: an evolutionary approach. Blackwell Science, Oxford, p 185-216

165.7 Stevick, P. T., J. Allen, P. J. Clapham, N. Friday, S. K. Katona, F. Larsen, J. Lien, D. K. Mattila, P. J. Palsboll, J. Sigurjonsson, T. D. Smith, N. Oien and P. S. Hammond. (2003). North Atlantic humpback whale abundance and rate of increase four decades after protection from whaling. Marine Ecology Progress Series 258:263-273.

165.8 Stevick, P. T., J. Allen, M. Berube, P. J. Clapham, S. K. Katona, F. Larsen, J. Lien, D. K. Mattila, P. J. Palsboll, J. Robbins, J. Sigurjonsson, T. D. Smith, N. Oien and P. S. Hammond. (2003). Segregation of migration by high latitude origin in North Atlantic humpback whales. Journal of Zoology, London 259:231-237.

165.9 Stevick, P. T., A. Aguayo, J. Allen, I. C. Avila, J. Capella, C. Castro, K. Chater, L. Dalla Rosa, M. H. Engel, F. FŽlix, L. Florez-Gonzalez, A. Freitas, B. Haase, M. Llano, L. Lodi, E. Munoz, C. Olavarria, E. Secchi, M. Scheidat and S. Siciliano. (2004). Migrations of individually identified humpback whales between the Antarctic Peninsula and South America. Journal of Cetacean Research and Management in press.

166. Stone, G. S., Katona, S. K., and Tucker, E. B. (1987). History, migration and present status of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae at Bermuda. Biological Conservation, 42, pp 133-145.

166.1 Stone, G.S., Florez-Gonzalez,L. and S. Katona. (1990) Whale migration record. Nature Vol. 346.No 6286.p 705.

167. Thiele, D., Brown, M. R., Butterworth, D. S., and Bandao, A. (1998). An estimate of abundance for humpback whale from the Australian Southern Ocean Pelagic Monitoring program for Antarctic Area IV. IWC Document SC/50/CAWS16,

168. Thompson, P. O., Cummings, W. C., and Ha, S. J. (1986). Sounds, source levels, and associated behaviour of humpback whales, Southeast Alaska. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 80, pp 735-740.

169. Todd, S., Lien, J., and Verhuls, A. (1992). Orientation of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) and Minke Whales (Balaenoptera acutorostrata) to acoustic alarm devices designed to reduce entrapment in fishing gear. In: Thomas, J. and et al. Marine Mammal Sensory Systems. Plenum Press. New York. pp 727-739.

170. Todd, S., Stevick, S., Lien, J., Marques, F., and Ketten, D. (1996). Behavioural effects of exposure to underwater explosions in humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Canadian Journal of Zoology, 74, pp 1661-1672.

170.1 Townsend, C.H. (1935). The distribution of certain whales as shown by logbook records of american whleships. Zoologica, 119. 1-50.

171. Tyack, P. L. (1998). Comments on low frequency playback experiments to singing humpback whales in Hawaiian waters - phase III of LFA marine mammal research program. Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

172. Tyack, P. L. (1981). Interactions between singing Hawaiian humpback whales and conspecifics nearby. Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 8, pp 105-116.

173. Tyack, P. L. and Whitehead, H. (1983). Male competition in large groups of wintering humpback whales. Behaviour, 83, pp 132-154.

173.1 URBAN R., J.; A. JARAMILLO L.; A. AGUAYO L.; P. LADRON DE GUEVARA P.; M. SALINAS Z.; C. ALVAREZ F.; L. MEDRANO G.; J. K. JACOBSEN; K. C. BALCOMB; D. E. CLARIDGE; J. CALAMBOKIDIS; G. H. STEIGER; J. M. STRALEY; O. VON ZIEGESAR; J. M. WAITE; M. E. DAHLHEIM; J. D. DARLING and C. S. BAKER. ( 2000). Migratory destinations of humpback whales wintering in the Mexican Pacific. THE JOURNAL OF CETACEAN RESEARCH AND MANAGEMENT 2(2):101-110.

174. Valsecchi, E., Palsboll, P. J., Hale, P. T., Glockner-Ferrari, D., Clapham, P. J., Larsen, F., Mattila, D. K., Sears, R., Sigurjonsson, J., Brown, M. R., Corkeron, P. J., and Amos, B. (1997). Microsatellite genetic distances between oceanic populations of the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae). Molecular Biological Evolution, 14, pp 355-362.

174.1 Valsecchi Elena, Glockner-Ferrari Debbie, Ferrari Markand Amos William. (1998) Molecular analysis of the efficiency of sloughed skin sampling in whale population genetics. Molecular Ecology (1998) 7, 1419-1422. dot

174.2 Valsecchi, E., Hale, P., Corkeron, P., and Amos, W. (2002) Social structure in migrating humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Molecular Ecology 11(3):507-518. 2002. dot

175. Volgenau, L., Kraus, S. D., and Lien, J. (1995). The impact of entanglements on two substocks of western North Atlantic humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 73, pp 1689-1698.

175.1 Waite, J.M., M.E. Dahlheim, R.C. Hobbs, S.A. Mizroch, O. von Ziegesar-Matkin, J.M. Straley, L.M. Herman, and J. Jacobsen. 1999. Evidence of a feeding aggregation of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) around Kodiak Island, Alaska. Marine Mammal Science 15(1): 210-220.

176. Ward, N., Stevick, P., and Carlson, C. A. (no date). Current status of individual identification photographs of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) from the eastern Caribbean.

177. Watkins, W. A. (1986). Whale reactions to human activities in Cape Cod waters. Marine Mammal Science, 2, pp 251-262.

178. Weinrich, M. T. (1991). Stable social associations among humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the southern Gulf of Maine. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 61, pp 3012-3018.

178.1 Weinrich, M. T., Lambertsen, R. H., Baker, C. S., Schilling, M. R., and Belt, C. R. (1991). Behavioural responses of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the southern Gulf of Maine to biopsy sampling. Report of the International Whaling Commission Special Issue 13, 91-97.

178.2 Weinrich, M. and A. E., Kuhlberg.1991. Short-term association patterns of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) groups on their feeding grounds in the southern Gulf of Maine. Can. J. Zool. 69(12): 3005-3011.

178.3 Weinrich, M. T. (1999) Behavior of a humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) upon entanglement in a gill net. MARINE MAMMAL SCIENCE. April1999 v15 i2 p559-563

178.4 Whitehead H.P. (1981) The behavior and ecology of the Humpback whale in the Northwest Atlantic. Dissertion submitted to the University of Cambridge for the degree of Doctor of Philosphy. Department of Zoology, Downing Street, Cambridge.

179. Whitehead, H. (1982). Populations of the humpback whales in the Northwest Atlantic. Report of the International Whaling Commission, 32, pp 345-353.

180. Whitehead, H. (1983). Structure and stability of humpback whale groups of Newfoundland. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 61, pp 1391-1397.

180.1 Whitehead. H.P and Glass, C. (1985). Orcas (killer whales) attack humpback whales. J. Mammal. 66: 183-185.

181. Whitehead, H. (1987). Updated status of the humpback whale, Megaptera novaeangliae, in Canada. Canadian Field Naturalist, 101, pp 284-294.

181.1 Whitehead, H. 1998. Cultural Selection and Genetic Diversity in Matrilineal Whales. Science Nov 27 1998: 1708-1711.

182. Whitehead, H. and Carscadden, J. E. (1985). Predicting inshore whale abundance - whales and capelin off the Newfoundland coast. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 42, pp 976-981.

182.1 Whitehead, H. and C. Glass. 1985. Orcas (killer whales) attack humpback whales. J. Mamm., 66: 183-185.

183. Whitehead, H. and Moore, M. J. (1982). Distribution and movements of West Indian humpbacks in winter. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 60, pp 2203-2211.

184. Wiley, D. N. Asmutis R. A., Pitchford, T. D., and Gannon, D. P. (1995). Stranding and mortality of humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, in the mid-Atlantic and southeast United States, 1985-1992. Fishery Bulletin, 93(1), pp 196-205.

185. Winn, H. E., Edel, R. K., and Taruski, A. G. (1975). Population estimate of the humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the West Indies by visual and acoustic techniques. Journal of Fisheries Resources Board Cananda, 32, pp 499-506.

Back to Research


| Homepage | SoundNet | Expedition | Youth | Whales | Shop | Membership | Links | Help | Overview |